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Pashu Sakhi (Livestock Nurse)

Pashu Nurse is a semi-literate or illiterate woman trained under structured classrooms & field practice and then review and support in fieldwork over a period of one year to provide basic improved practices knowledge and preventative and herb-based home remedies at low cost and first symptom. Basically, she is a goat rearer herself who demonstrates, advocates, and disseminates knowledge and skill actively for the betterment of her nearby goat farmers within the village. Experiences by a number of grassroots organizations suggest that a village-based knowledge extension service cum preventative health care service through training local small livestock farming women had proven an effective strategy to improve management and reduce mortality & morbidity on a significant scale.  

Our Innovation  

The key innovation of the organizations is decentralized community-managed livestock health  care services backed by integration of capacity building and mainstream linkages,  Organisations replicated the idea of Pashu Nurse by training semi-literate rural poor women from  high small livestock density villages to provide regular information and first aid services with  following distinct qualities 

  1. Doorstep, on-time services 
  2. First aid at the first symptom 
  3. Low-cost services  
  4. Women accessible services  
  5. Integration of knowledge and skills with products & services  
  6. Community Insurance with community-led services
The uniqueness of the approach had been on the following points:-

  • Empowering rural poor women to take lead in goat health & productivity enhancement.  Demonstration, demystification, and promotion by local livestock rearing women.  And command the community to select and own service providers.  
  • Decentralization of animal management knowledge and services.  
  • Community insurance to make the system responsible and effective.  
  • Development of participatory training tools and processes to build local capacity.  Linkages with the mainstream on business terms.  
  • Modifying livestock management approach from delivery to demand-based.  Creating village-level learning and discussion platform by Bakari Paalak Pathshaala facilitation.  
  • Sustaining Pashu Sakhi on input and small business rather than only treatment.