Livestock in general and ruminant in particular used to have endo-parasite in their rumen, liver or blood depending on types of worm. Being parasite they complete their lifecycle either in single host or two or more than two host.
Parasite sucks blood and food making animal weak and swelling on affected parts may lead to extreme anemia leading to low productivity, prone to diseases and even death.
However a critical mass of parasites can only harm economically. However worm load testing as one reliable way to assess whether critical mass of endo parasites have reached or not.
As normal recommendation people uses twice or even four times de wormer in ayer without any tests. This situation is alarming as “population in refugia” may develop resistance to particular de wormer. With fact that same de wormer are used repeatedly and even supplied in camps, this may lead high level of resistance to particular anti worm drug and lead to a situation of helplessness.
The Goat Trust have launched a fee based mobile worm testing lab wherein samples are collected by mobile van along with video show on ill effects of endo parasites. People are charged a fee and based on microscopic assessment a recommendation is made either to go for dewormer or not. A combination of biological means like neem leaves feeding in empty stomach, use of turmeric powder and mustard oil in winter and rotational grazing are suggested as an strategy to low cost endoparasite control mechanism.
A smaple collection format, systems and tools had been handed over to Pashu Sakhies for field level sample collection and they had been trained to sample collection with right process and means.